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Getting to the heart of language and identity



Poet and academic Louis de Paor with the anthology Leabhar na hAthghabhála.

Arts Week with Judy Murphy

Louis de Paor, poet and director of the Centre for Irish Studies at NUIG, will be exploring the issue of language and identity this Saturday at 3pm in the Aula Maxima NUIG, alongside journalist Manchán Magan and Regina Uí Chollatáin of UCD.

You Are What You Speak is part of the Arts Festival’s First Talk series which kick off this weekend, exploring the theme of identity. Cork-born Louis, who studied Irish at UCC, is well placed to discuss how our national language shapes our identity and the thorny issue of its place in Irish life.

He’s the editor of a newly published bilingual anthology, Leabhar na hAthghabhála, Poems of Repossession – the first comprehensive anthology of modern Irish-language poetry accompanied by English translations, it forms a sequel to Seán Ó Tuama and Thomas Kinsella’s ground-breaking 1981 anthology, An Duanaire, 1600-1900 / Poems of the Dispossessed.

Leabhar na hAthghabhála is published by Bloodaxe, which is the largest poetry publishing company in the UK and Ireland. That means that 26 leading Irish-language poets from the 20th century can take their place alongside their peers who write in English, in bookshops worldwide.

That was one of Louis’s aims with this anthology.

“Early Irish poetry is well served and poetry from the bardic era was well served but poetry from the 1890s to the present was a closed book to most people,” he explains

Poets such as Eoghan Ó Tuairisc and Máire Mhac an tSaoi as well as Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill and Biddy Jenkinson appear, alongside younger writers such as Gearóid Mac Lochlainn and the editor himself.

Their works have been translated by a skilled group including Paul Muldoon, Thomas Kinsella, Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin, Brendan Kennelly Mary O’Donoghue, Alan Titley and David Wheatley.

People involved in translating the poems for this anthology were required to have sufficient Irish to engage directly with the original work, so “a high degree of linguistic competence as well as literary ability – and patience –  was needed”, Louis says.

“The bottom line was that there should be nothing in translation that wouldn’t be in the original and nothing in the original that isn’t in the translation. A curious reader should be able to move from the English across the page to the Irish,” Louis says.

“An appropriate deference and as little difference as possible between the two – that was the ambition.”

Once that was achieved, the most important thing was that “Irish poets and their poetry would get a platform”.

Louis reads “books and books of poetry and even in the best poetry sections of the best bookshops, Irish language poetry is not there, so how do you get it out of the ghetto? It’s not the fault of Irish publishers that it’s difficult to get into shops internationally.”

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune

West has lower cancer survival rates than rest



Significant state investment is required to address ‘shocking’ inequalities that leave cancer patients in the West at greater risk of succumbing to the disease.

A meeting of Regional Health Forum West heard that survival rates for breast, lung and colorectal cancers than the national average, and with the most deprived quintile of the population, the West’s residents faced poorer outcomes from a cancer diagnosis.

For breast cancer patients, the five-year survival rate was 80% in the West versus 85% nationally; for lung cancer patients it was 16.7% in the west against a 19.5% national survival rate; and in the West’s colorectal cancer patients, there was a 62.6% survival rate where the national average was 63.1%.

These startling statistics were provided in answer to a question from Ballinasloe-based Cllr Evelyn Parsons (Ind) who said it was yet another reminder that cancer treatment infrastructure in the West was in dire need of improvement.

“The situation is pretty stark. In the Western Regional Health Forum area, we have the highest incidence of deprivation and the highest health inequalities because of that – we have the highest incidences of cancer nationally because of that,” said Cllr Parsons, who is also a general practitioner.

In details provided by CEO of Saolta Health Care Group, which operates Galway’s hospitals, it was stated that a number of factors were impacting on patient outcomes.

Get the full story in this week’s Connacht Tribune, on sale in shops now, or you can download the digital edition from You can also download our Connacht Tribune App from Apple’s App Store or get the Android Version from Google Play.

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Connacht Tribune

Marathon Man plans to call a halt – but not before he hits 160 races



Loughrea’s Marathon Man Jarlath Fitzgerald.

On the eve of completing his 150th marathon, an odyssey that has taken him across 53 countries, Loughrea’s Marathon Man has announced that he is planning to hang up his running shoes.

But not before Jarlath Fitzgerald completes another ten races, making it 160 marathons on the occasion of his 60th birthday.

“I want to draw the line in 2026. I turn 57 in October and when I reach 60 it’s the finishing line. The longer races are taking it out of me. I did 20 miles there two weeks ago and didn’t feel good. It’s getting harder,” he reveals.

“I’ve arthritis in both hips and there’s wear and tear in the knees.”

We speak as he is about to head out for a run before his shift in Supervalu Loughrea. Despite his physical complaints, he still clocks up 30 miles every second week and generally runs four days a week.

Jarlath receives injections to his left hip to keep the pain at bay while running on the road.

To give his joints a break, during the winter he runs cross country and often does a five-mile trek around Kylebrack Wood.

He is planning on running his 150th marathon in Cork on June 4, where a group of 20 made up of work colleagues, friends and running mates from Loughrea Athletics Club will join him.

Some are doing the 10k, others are doing the half marathon, but all will be there on the finishing line to cheer him on in the phenomenal achievement.

Get the full story in this week’s Connacht Tribune, on sale in shops now, or you can download the digital edition from You can also download our Connacht Tribune App from Apple’s App Store or get the Android Version from Google Play.

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Galway ‘masterplan’ needed to tackle housing and transport crises



From the Galway City Tribune – An impassioned plea for a ‘masterplan’ that would guide Galway City into the future has been made in the Dáil. Galway West TD Catherine Connolly stated this week that there needed to be an all-inclusive approach with “vision and leadership” in order to build a sustainable city.

Deputy Connolly spoke at length at the crisis surrounding traffic and housing in Galway city and said that not all of the blame could be laid at the door of the local authority.

She said that her preference would be the provision of light rail as the main form of public transport, but that this would have to be driven by the government.

“I sat on the local council for 17 years and despaired at all of the solutions going down one road, metaphorically and literally. In 2005 we put Park & Ride into the development plan, but that has not been rolled out. A 2016 transport strategy was outdated at the time and still has not been updated.

“Due to the housing crisis in the city, a task force was set up in 2019. Not a single report or analysis has been published on the cause of the crisis,” added Deputy Connolly.

She then referred to a report from the Land Development Agency (LDA) that identified lands suitable for the provision of housing. But she said that two-thirds of these had significant problems and a large portion was in Merlin Park University Hospital which, she said, would never have housing built on it.

In response, Minister Simon Harris spoke of the continuing job investment in the city and also in higher education, which is his portfolio.

But turning his attention to traffic congestion, he accepted that there were “real issues” when it came to transport, mobility and accessibility around Galway.

“We share the view that we need a Park & Ride facility and I understand there are also Bus Connects plans.

“I also suggest that the City Council reflect on her comments. I am proud to be in a Government that is providing unparalleled levels of investment to local authorities and unparalleled opportunities for local authorities to draw down,” he said.

Then Minister Harris referred to the controversial Galway City Outer Ring Road which he said was “struck down by An Bord Pleanála”, despite a lot of energy having been put into that project.

However, Deputy Connolly picked up on this and pointed out that An Bord Pleanála did not say ‘No’ to the ring road.

“The High Court said ‘No’ to the ring road because An Bord Pleanála acknowledged it failed utterly to consider climate change and our climate change obligations.

“That tells us something about An Bord Pleanála and the management that submitted such a plan.”

In the end, Minister Harris agreed that there needed to be a masterplan for Galway City.

“I suggest it is for the local authority to come up with a vision and then work with the Government to try to fund and implement that.”

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